best Standard for any breed is that which sets down as clearly and
simply as possible the desirable attributes to be attained so that
the breeders have a sound aim in view and judges may accordingly
take note. The Standard is designed as a guide to the newcomer as
well as a permanent reminder for all concerned with the breed. It
must be free from irrelevancies, nevertheless its compilation should
embody a lifelike effect.
Standard n° 253
Decidedly square and cobby,
it is 'multum in parvo' shown in compactness of form, well knit
proportions and hardness of muscle
|Short body, well-muscled, blocky conformation.
Great charm, dignity and intelligence.
How a judge can measure the
intelligence is not described in the Standard and one wonders whether
there is some type of mythical intelligence quotient applicable
to the canine race. The simple definition, for intelligence, which
could be possible be equally applied to dogs would be "the
capacity to acquire capacity".
||Even tempered, happy and lively disposition.
In my view it is impossible
for anyone, no matter how experienced, to make an accurate assessment
of a dog's temperament by examination within the confines of a show
ring. Only by knowing a dog really well over a long period can such
qualities be determined.
Head large, round, not apple-headed,
with no indentation of skull. Muzzle short, blunt, square, not upfaced.
Wrinkles clearly defined.
In Pug the head is the "hallmark" and is considered a rather accurate index of the body proportions.
Therefore, in judging one should always keep in mind the importance
of balanced anatomy. Masculinity and feminity are important features
of the head. The big coarse head should receive sharp penalty.
Dark, very large,
globular in shape, soft and solicitous in expression, very lustrous,
and when excited, full of fire.
|Dark brown is the most usual colour and is the best
eye colour.The prominent eyes make the eye more susceptible to eye
Thin, small, soft like black
velvet. Two kinds - 'Rose ear' - small drop ear which folds over
and back to reveal the burr. 'Button ear' - ear flap folding forward,
tip lying close to skull to cover opening. Preference given to latter.
The size, length, set, direction
and movement of the ears are important. Ears that are dead, thick
make the head look plain. Set on and location determine the beauty
of the head. Incorrectly placed ears will give the dog a "foreign" expression. The movement of the ears are indication of temperament.
Slightly undershot. Wide lower
jaw with incisors almost in a straight line. Wry mouth, teeth or
tongue showing all highly undesirable.
In some dogs the soft palate
protrudes too far to the rear and can cause difficulty in breathing
if the soft palate falls around the air intake. A"snorting" breathing results.
Slightly arched to resemble
a crest, strong, thick with enough length to carry head proudly.
Proportionate length of neck
is desirable. The arched neck adds lustre to eye pleasing form.
The length of the neck helps the dog to shift his center of gravity,
aids his mobility and stability, makes him able to shift his head
closer or further away from his body, thereby moving backwards the
load carried by the front.
Legs very strong, straight,
of moderate length, and well under body. Shoulders well sloped.
Getting the shoulders right
is good a way as any to start. Shoulders have a marked effect on
the whole forhand.If they are good and well placed it is unlikely
that any other part of the forehand will be seriously faulty. But
if they are bad and or poorly placed all sorts of problem can arise.
Short and cobby, wide in chest
and well ribbed. Topline level neither roached nor dipping.
Clarification: The Pug should give a strong
impression of squareness when viewed from any angle. Cobby means
short bodied, thickset and square. All of the parts must fit together
to form a harmonious unit. The most important concept to remember
Well placed sloping shoulders,
inclined both from front to back and in towards the highest point
of the withers, and their attendant upper arms, provide the ideal
basis for the correct topline allowing the neck to flow smoothly
into the back.
Upright or forward placed shoulders are usually accompanied by short
upper arms which very often are also insufficiently sloped, the
combined effect of which is to shorten the dog's stridge an to bring
the elbow too far forward on the ribcage so that the whole fore
end of the dog is poorly supported, it lacks forechast and when
seen in profile appears to have a straight line from under its throat
to its toes.
Legs very strong, of moderate
length, with good turn of stifle, well under body, straight and
parallel when viewed from rear.
The Pug needs a flat or rather
flat croup to give the high tail set. When the pelvis is too steeply
sloped the rump falls away too much with a low set of tail as the
end result. In order to achieve the required marked bend of stifle
the femur and tibia (the bones of the upper and second thighs) must
be of sufficient lenght. If these bones are too short the angle
between them will be too open and the dog will be unable to extend
its hind leg far enough forward or back to give a good lenghth of
stride: its movement will be restricted. A good coat of muscle in
this area is needed.
Neither so long as the foot
of the hare, nor so round as that of the cat; well-split-up toes;
the nails black.
"No foot no dog".
Dogs which are kept too much on soft ground will often spread their
toes, nails grow long and pastern become slack, for lack of hard
surface to keep the feet toned up and the nails short. When nails
do become too long for the proper shape of the foot to be manteined
they should be shortened whit nail clippers, almost to the tip of
the quick and then filed at the sides so that there is increased
wear on the tips. Black in pads is desirable or at least dark grey.
Much the same applies to nails. In fawn and apricot are often self
(Twist) High set, curled as
tightly as possible over hip. Double curl highly desirable.
The tail is the true barometer
of the character, and as in the case of the ears, the key to this
region is the setting. Tails and their carriage speak greater to
a knowledgeable judge than most other parts of the dog.
Viewed from in front should
rise and fall with legs well under shoulder, feet keeping directly
to front, not turning in or out. From behind action just as true.
Using forelegs strongly putting them well forward with hindlegs
moving freely and using stifles well. A slight roll of hindquarters
To achieve a parallel movement,
more at forehand, it is necessary for the Pug to have sloping shoulders,
a good length of upper arm suitably sloping, plus short hocks and
a good bend of stifle. When these points are present, and there
is a good muscle tone, the movement will usually be free, long striding
in proportion to the size of the dog, and will exhibit drive from
the rear. Pug increases the tendency to roll, though not excessively.
Fine, smooth, soft, short and
glossy, neither harsh nor woolly.
Pug's hair grows in cycles:
a short period of growth, a resting phase and then the shedding
phase. Pug's coat takes 4 months to regrow. The rate at which hair
regrows varies with many factors. A good diet is essential for a
healthy coat. If your dog's coat is poor, suspect his general health.
Silver, apricot, fawn or black.
Each clearly defined, to make contrast complete between colour,
trace (black line extending from occiput to twist) and mask. Marking
clearly defined. Muzzle or mask, ears, moles on cheeks, thumb mark
or diamond on forehead and trace as black as possible.
Black must be solid black all
over. Fawn, apricot and silver must carry dark mask and some may
have white mark on chest (less desirable).
||Ideal weight: 6.3-8.1 kg. (14-18
Caring breeders know that type
is built upon function and as its Standard describes, because that
is the way it needs to be built to best perform its particular way
of life. A warning note should be given on not allowing the Pug
to become too large.
Any departure from the foregoing points should
be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault
should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.
Perfection lies somewhere in
the middle of each breed Standard, it has never been decided quite
where, which keeps us all happily striving to achieve the impossible,
the perfectly built dog.
Male animals should have two
apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
|Be careful: "normal" and "fully"